What Is The Cause Of Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are very common, however, they aren’t considered a serious medical condition. Varicose veins are veins that have become swollen and enlarged and they mostly appear under the skin the legs and feet.
They can be blue or dark purple and they are usually twisted in appearance.
It is worth noting that any superficial vein, veins found under the skin, can form varicose veins.
However, the veins in the legs are usually the most affected since standing and walking leads to a pressure increase in the veins found in the lower body.
Sitting for long periods of time can also lead to varicose veins in the legs.
While for most people varicose veins only pose an aesthetic and self-esteem problem as they are easily noticeable, for others, the varicose veins can be painful, uncomfortable, and lead to more serious problems.
Apart from the visual signs of varicose veins, here are some of the symptoms of this condition:
– Itching over the affected veins
– Throbbing and muscle cramping in the lower legs
– Heavy feeling in the legs
– Increased pain when standing or sitting for long periods
Are Spider Veins The Same as Varicose Ones?
In the human body, veins are responsible for carrying blood back to the heart from various body parts. Various elements are usually at play to ensure that blood flows smoothly back to the heart.
These elements include muscle contractions, which act as pumps, elastic walls of veins, and then we have the valves. Valves prevent the blood in the veins from flowing backwards by opening to let blood through and closing to stop backflow.
In case these valves become weak or damaged and fail, blood can flow back and collect in the vein. This pooling of blood in the vein is what causes the vein to be swollen and twisted.
There are various factors that increase the risks of one developing varicose veins.
Risk Factors Involved With Varicose Veins
Females are at a higher risk of developing varicose veins than males. This is mainly attributed to hormonal differences. Female hormones have been found to relax the walls of the veins.
As one grows older, the valves start to suffer wear and tear while the veins start to lose their elasticity. As a result, some blood is let to flow back in the veins, which causes it to collect and cause varicose veins.
When one is pregnant, there is an increased flow of blood in the veins as it is needed to support the developing baby. The increased amount of blood puts more strain on the veins.
The hormonal changes in the body during this period also play a role in increasing the risk of varicose veins.
If a close member of your family has had varicose veins, then you are at a high risk of getting the condition.
Obesity is another factor that significantly increases the risks of varicose veins. The extra weight puts extra pressure on the valves, which makes them more susceptible to leaking.
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